Painful and Sore Blisters on the Foot and Toe should be offloaded to reduce damage and pain. Focus on relieving shear pressure and decreasing friction!
Painful blisters on the foot and toe are a common problem caused by friction from shoes or clothing which rubs repeatedly on the skin. Blisters usually do resolve by themselves if they are small and you stop putting stress on them, but if a blister is larger and has some obvious fluid buildup as seen above- then it might just be best to drain it so that more pressure doesn’t spread the blister. The following is a complete guide for treatment of itchy foot blisters, prevention and foot accessory advice.
Preventing sore foot blisters
- Ensure that shoes fit correctly.
- Protect the potential ‘hot spots’ by applying a second skin and / or taping. Click here for details of how to tape the foot.
- If you wear boots such as those required for mountain walking ensure all seams are flat inside the boot.
- Take care of the boots, do not leave them on radiators or near heaters. This may cause the leather to shrink and seams protrude.
- Keep feet as dry as possible. Wet shoes, boots and socks will cause blisters far quicker than dry ones.
- Wherever possible change socks regularly and use foot powder to help keep them dry.
Running and painful foot blisters
Blisters are common among long distance runners. All of the above can be used to help prevent developing blisters, but there are a couple of extra points which may help:
- Introduce new running shoes gradually.
- Wear socks with a double layer. The second layer stops the first one from rubbing against the skin.
- Try using petroleum jelly on areas prone to blisters. This helps the material glide over the skin, reducing friction.
- Try using zinc oxide tape on blister prone areas to prevent friction on the skin.
What are blood blisters?
- Blood blisters are those which appear red in color due to damage also occurring to a blood vessel, causing a bleed into the skin tissues.
- They tend to occur more from a sudden impact or pinching of the skin, rather than a repetitive friction.
- This type of blister should be treated in the same way as a normal blister, although be aware that due to the deeper damage, the skin underneath would be raw and usually very sore and more prone to infection.
Treatment of painful and sore blisters on the foot and toe
- Most small blisters should be left alone and they will usually heal fine on their own.
At the first sign of painful and sore blisters on the foot and toe
- The first sign of blisters will be redness over the skin, possibly at the back of the heel, the instep or toes.
- Apply a second skin dressing or blister plaster and tape the affected area.
- Ensure the feet are dry and change socks (unless you are in the middle of a race).
- A highly effective but short term measure is cover the foot and affected area in petroleum jelly. This should provide instant relief from pain but as the heat from the foot melts the petroleum jelly it will run away and be ineffective.
- When should you pop blisters?
For larger blisters or those which are causing problems, it may be necessary to pop them. Popping blisters should be done with caution, following these guidelines.
- Make a small hole at the edge with a sterilized pin or needle, particularly if the blister is on a weight bearing surface. A pin can be sterilized by passing it through a flame.
- Do not drain a blood filled blister.
- Drain the fluid but leave as much of the skin as possible covering the wound. This is an important protective layer for the underlying skin and will help to prevent infected blisters.
- Clean the blister with a sterilizing wipe.
- Cover the wound with a second skin or blister plaster – take the time to apply it correctly.
- For additional security apply tape over top.
How to get rid of painful and sore blisters on the foot and toe?
- Blisters will usually just drain and heal on their own. Even if you have had to pop a blister, you should then simply clean the area, cover it to protect it and leave it to heal naturally.
- If no pain, leave them alone!
To learn more about blisters visit this link. Good luck with your painful and sore blisters on the foot and toe!