Archive | May, 2013
29 May

Do you have ganglionic cyst?

Ganglion cysts are swellings of fluid on top of foot joints such as the big toe joint, the top of the foot and the ankle. A cyst by definition is a sac filled with fluid and it can feel hard or soft. Ganglionic cysts of the foot, wrists or hands are usually not dangerous and they usually occur between the ages of 20-40 years of age.

GanglionicCyst Ganglionic Cyst

Most common locations of a ganglion cyst

  • Where the fingers and the hand meet.
  • The tips of the fingernails and toenails- this is called a mucous cutaneous cyst ( Mucous Cyst)
  • The outside of the knee
  • The outside of the ankle
  • The top of the foot
  • The big toe joint

Cause of ganglionic cysts

Ganglionic cysts can be though of as a protrusion of fluid from a joint that is still surrounded by a sac of membranous tissue. Think of this like squeezing a water balloon with your hands in all areas except a small pocket, that area of the balloon with pouch outward- this is what is happening with your joint. A thin canal of fluid forms and pouches outside the joint.

Ganglionic cyst symptoms

  • If feels like a bump that can be soft or hard.
  • It should not move as you push on it
  • The size may increase or decrease depending on if you elevate or lower your hands and feet over time (but this is not always consistent)
  • Most of ganglionic cysts can cause pain, especially the ones around your toenail.
  • Pain can be the worse around the joint

Home treatment of a ganglionic cyst

See a Podiatrist even if it doesn’t hurt. Even though a ganglionic cyst is usually harmless except for the pain, there is always a chance that this could be a cancerous tumor such as a synovial sarcoma(very low odds).

  • The ganglionic cyst has the nickname “Bible Cyst” because hitting the cyst really hard with a bible made it go back temporarily, but this ganglion cyst will almost always eventually come back. The only true cure is to have your podiatrist perform a ganglion cyst removal surgery.

 Podiatrist treatment of a ganglion cyst

  • X-ray is essential to rule out other types of tumors- Don’t mess around with this one, make sure its actually a ganglionic cyst.
  • Ultrasound will confirm that the mass is fluid filled.
  • MRI can also be ordered if there is difficulty confirming the mass with an ultrasound, although this is rarely necessary.
  • A podiatrist can perform aspiration of the ganglion cyst in the foot.

ax+t2 Ganglionic Cyst

What to expect after the aspiration of a ganglion cyst in the foot?

After the aspiration of the ganglion cyst, you will likely be free of the ganglionic cyst for some time; but eventually it is almost guaranteed to come back. The only true cure for a ganglion cyst in the foot is aspiration.

Ganglionic cyst removal surgery by a podiatrist

  • The only way to keep a large ganglionic cyst from removal is excision- The healing time is usually very good as the incision is usually not from the bottom of the foot and you can start walking immediately after the ganglion cyst removal surgery
  • You will likely need to wear a bandage for at least 7-10 days and maybe a surgical shoe to prevent irritation of the wound.

Ganglionic foot cyst removal surgery recovery time

The recovery time depends on a variety of factors, but if it is on the top of the foot(which it almost is), you can start walking almost immediately and take the sutures out in about 2 weeks.

To learn more about ganglionic foot cyst and treatment options see this link.

28 May

arth7 psoriasis Psoriasis Under The Toenails

Do you have psoriasis under the toenails?

Psoriasis under the toenails can result in severe thickening, discoloration and pitting of the toenails. Learn how to make your toenails better!


Causes of psoriasis under the toenails:

The cause of toenail psoriasis is unknown. What we do know is that a good percentage of people suffering from psoriasis also develop nail problems as well. The reports vary with some saying only about 10-15% suffer from them, but other studies claim much higher numbers. The average seems to be around the 25% range.

You are more likely to have psoriasis under your toenails if:

Symptoms of psoriasis under the toenails:

Toenail psoriasis displays the following symptoms:

  • A discoloration beneath the nail. It is described as an “oil spot”.
  • The nail is much more thick.
  • The nail is extremely rough.
  • The nail displays characteristic pitting.
  • The distal part of the nail appears abnormal.
  • Beau’s lines – these are horizontal ridges.
  • Callus formation under the nail.
  • Loosening of the nail.

Diagnosis of psoriasis under the toenails:

The toenails are graded by a system known as the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI). It is a numberical and reproducible system for monitoring the toenail psoriasis. The system is based on assigning numerical values for some of the symptoms listed above.


Home treatment for psoriasis under the toenails:

Some quick tips for home care:

  • Keep your nails short and smooth. They are susceptible to bacterial and fungal infections which could make them look much worse.
  • Wear gloves to protect your nails while you are performing activities to keep your nails protected.
  • Wear properly fitted shoes to avoid excess pressure on your nails. Even light irritation and inflammation can make things worse.
  • Make sure to dry your nails properly after bathing.
  • Nail psoriasis is hard to treat, as nails grow very slowly. Be careful with them! They only grow 1mm per month.
  • You can try topical steroid cream temporarily to improve nail appearance.
  • Taking Vitamin D Vitamins may help.
  • Moisturizing ointments at night before bed work well.
  • Soak nails in vegetable oil while watching TV. You can then use an emery board or nail file to take the nails down a little bit.
  • Synthetic nail hardeners can make the nails look much better. These are glossy covers, no one will know the difference!
  • Acrylic nails are dangerous because you are more susceptible for nail fungus already with your psoriasis– I don’t recommend these.
  • Salicylic ointment can work great for your psoriatic nails. Follow directions of your prescriptions.
  • A mutlivitamin- while not completely proven through medical trials, has been recommended by many specialists.

Podiatrist treatment

There are many advances that are occuring in this field, so get excited! The outlook for psoriasis, while still dim is looking better and better every year.

Treatments focus on managing symptoms with a rheumatologist. Individualized plans can included topical and intralesional creams and injections. You can combine these with systemic and combination oral medication therapies.


To learn more, visit this link to learn more about causes and treatments for psoriasis under the toenails.

27 May

PlantFibroma2final Plantar Fibroma

Do you have plantar fibroma?

Plantar Fibroma – it presents as a hard lump or nodule under the skin in the arch of your foot. It may be a cause of pain. With information available here you may learn how to handle it easily and permanently!

What is a plantar fibroma?

A plantar fibroma is a relatively non-dangerous condition; but it can become extremely painful. A plantar fibroma is the development of what feels like a “pebble” of connective tissue. It could even feel like a much larger thickening of the cords at the bottom of your foot.

These nodules are extremely slow growing. It could take months to years before they even begin to irritate you. They eventually lead to more and more irritation. Eventually causing your toes to bend and stiffen because you adapt your biomechanics and walk improperly.

Do you have plantar fibroma symptoms?

  • usually on the inside bottom of the foot, near the highest point of the arch
  • the lump itself is usually pretty painless
  • only the pressure of the floor creates pain
  • only 1/4 people show it in both feet

Plantar fibroma risk factors:

  • family history
  • associated lumps in hands as well
  • associated with Ledderhose disease: nodules in the hand
  • associated with Peyronie’s disease:  nodules on penis shaft
  • diabetes mellitus.

fibroma Plantar Fibroma

Plantar fibroma treatment:

Treatment of the plantar fibroma depends on whether your goal is to make the pain go away, or to focus on making it disappear. The unfortunate news is that usually invasive means are the only way to make it go away permanently.

  If the nodule is small:

Treat this like plantar fasciitis to see if the symptoms get better, we have developed a 4 stage guide that will take you through the complete treatment of bottom of the foot pain. Use this only if the nodule is small!

Non-invasive options:

  • anti-inflammatory medication
  • accommodative orthoses
  • offloading padding
  • physical therapy
  • massage techniques
  • corticosteroid shots can relieve the pain

If the nodule is large:

These techniques should be reserved for the end stage of this disease. The consequences of surgery must be balanced; while the fibroma is gone, worse problems may develop.

  • corticosteroid shots can relieve the pain
  • surgical resection of the plantar fibroma – this is a very rough option, as a part of your plantar fascia would need to be removed to permanently get rid of it, so this may eventually impact your biomechanices and lead to flat foot.

For more information and advice on home and professional treatment options see this link.

Also for plantar fibroma four stage treatment guide – see this link.

23 May

Do you have foot corn (Heloma Molle)?

Heloma Molle  or foot corn is experienced as a hard painful skin bump! Learn what it is and how to treat it!

AKA Foot Corn or Heloma Durum.

corns Heloma Molle


What is a Heloma Molle?

A heloma molle is a uniquely shaped callus that resembles a corn kernel. Because of it’s shape, the corn concentrates the pressure into a pinpoint area. This causes deep tissue pain and possible ulceration.


Heloma Durum vs. Heloma Molle:

A heloma durum is a hard corn, while a heloma molle is a soft corn. This is usually just semantics as both are usually treated very similarly; except the durum may need to be softened slightly more ahead of time.

Diagnosis of a Heloma Molle:

  • Thick and hard skin.
  • Deep tissue pain.
  • Shaped like a corn kernel.
  • Pinpoint pressure rather than diffuse pressure.
  • Hurts when you push on it.
  • It does not have red dots like a wart.
  • Usually in the ball of the foot, base of the big toe or 5th toe.


Foot Corn (aka Heloma) vs Callus

composite photo of corn and callus on foot Heloma Molle

  • Callus formation can be large and spread out. A corn is more pinpoint, small and hard.
  • Corns usually occur on the ball of the foot, under the first toe, the fifth toe and on top of the toes (especially if you have hammertoes). A callus usually occurs in the forefoot, but is usually very spread out.
  • Both can occur together- it is necessary to take the callus down then pop out the corn.


Corn vs. Wart


Plantar+Wart+picture+2 Heloma Molle

Warts have little red dot’s due blood vessels, corns and calluses do not.


  • Skin lines go through a callus, whereas if you have a wart, the skin lines go around the wart.
  • A wart can display little red “dots” that are blood vessel growth into the wart. The callus should not have any red “dots”.


What Causes A Heloma Molle?

  • Wearing loose, old or poorly stitched shoes.
  • If you ever have to really tighten your laces to get a snug fit.
  • High heels that can cause pressure or friction.
  • High arched feet form calluses under the first toe, fifth toe and under the heel.
  • Flat foot is the primary cause of increased pressure in areas of the foot, especially everywhere in the forefoot and inside part of the big toe and heel heel.
  • Rubbing in of the tops of the toes against a tight shoe is also a leading cause of corn formation in the toes.
  • The main cause: all types of biomechanical or foot deformities.


For more details and hints how to treat it at home visit this link.

15 May

What are you major concerns with your feet? For most people, toenail fungus is the major concern.

Out of many things that may happen to your feet the overwhelming #1 concern is the development of toenail fungus. People hate how ugly their nails look. Well, have no fear we have a complete guide for how to deal with your toenail fungus, but be warned this is an absolutely massive guide that you will need to set aside some time for!

The 2nd most common problem is an ingrown toenail. There are essential two solutions for dealing with you ingrown toenail. You can splint something under the nail at home while you continue to soften up your toenails. If softening them and then cutting the ingrown toenail does not work, then you should probably go and have a nail avulsion performed by a podiatrist or foot doctor.

Other probnlems are less common. However, a cause for concern with toenails are weird markings appearing on them. Specifically white spots and black spots on your toenails. The white spots are usually not toenail fungus, especially after you have just removed toenail polish; they are in fact keratin granulations. Black spots on the toenail may be dangerous if they are a subungual melanoma, but they are usually pretty safe because it is just dried blood under there.


Toenails  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Follow this link for our complete guide to find more information and home remedies to the most common problems!

6 May

Do you have issues with keratin granulations?

Keratin granulations are the result of excessive dehydration of the keratin molecules that have turned into a chalk like substance on your nail surface; they are completely harmless and are easily corrected with a few weeks of moisturizing treatments. A common differential diagnosis of white stains on your nails is superficial white onychomycosis (which is what most doctors will tell you that you have this because it is more dangerous), – but keratin granulations are more likely, especially if they appear after removing nail polish.

What are keratin granulations?

Keratin granulations occur because the nail polish dehydrates the nail plate which is composed of molecules called keratin. These molecules clump together into a white powder that looks like chalk or a white stain on the nail.

Why is this a difficult diagnosis?

The confusing part of keratin granulations is that any podiatrist or dermatologist you go to will likely assume that your keratin granulations are really superficial white onychomycosis and start you up on medications to treat the fungus. I never even heard of keratin granulations until I heard of a situation where treatment for superficial white onychomycosis just was not working for a long time.

The reason for so little understanding of keratin granulations is because superficial white onychomycosis is more common and more dangerous, leaving it untreated can lead to eventual consequences, but leaving keratin granulations usually has no downside.

No one ever thinks to diagnose or treat keratin granulations – because it is mostly just a cosmetic problem that no one is ever worried about long term from a medical standpoint.

Who is more likely to get it?

It is more likely to occur in older people that visit nail salons and that use nail polish heavily, but it is still possible in young patients.

Is keratin granulations treatment dangerous?

Keratin Granulations Treatment is very cheap and easy to perform right at home. Within a week or two your nails should start looking cured!

No, just moisturize your nails and you should be fine; Even if you don’t moisturize your nails you should still be fine after a while without applying any more nail polish.The condition should clear up in a couple days to a couple weeks.

Keratin Granulations 300x225 Keratin Granulations Treatment

Keratin granulations treatment at home

Primary Treatment

1. Moisturizing Agent – If you have a moisturizing agent at home like Vaseline, any lotion or even oil apply this to your nail at night before you go to bed. It has been recommended that you try 10-15 minute soaks in olive oil as well by a couple magazines and I’ve heard this works.

2. Cuticle cream – This is very similar to the moisturizing agent – Burt’s Bees Wax works very well and you can apply it in the morning and throughout the day, there are other brands so just use what you are more comfortable with, they all work!

3. Easy on the nail polish- Be careful with how much nail polish you are use. Nail Polish contains dehydrating agents that cause your nail to dry while you are wearing them, this doesn’t mean you have to stop wearing polish permanently, just until your nail clears up.

Secondary Treatment

1. Wear gloves – If you are working with strong chemicals like bleach, vinegar or any other harmful agent – wear some gloves! This will give your nails a chance to heal while avoiding damage.

2. Be conscious of nail damaging activities – If you work with your hands – is it possible to protect them with gloves, or maybe just apply cuticle cream to keep them from being damaged as much.

3. Multivitamin – There are a large amount of people suggesting nail damage may be due to a lack of vitamins (especially biotin), research is limited and inconclusive in this regard, but it is entirely possible that this may be happening to you, so if you feel better – take some multivitamins!

4. Drink water and stay healthy with exercise – It is proven that with better hydration, sunlight and exercise your nails grow faster!


**If it is not getting better suspect that you may have superficial white onychomycosis – but don’t worry – this is the most easily treatable nail fungus and you shouldn’t have any problems getting rid of it.  Visit our Toenail Onychomycosis page for more.

For mor information on this topic check this link.

Despite keratin granulations are a cosmetic problem, correcting it will help you to feel healthy and beautiful.

5 May

Do you have osteochondroma deformity in the toe or foot?

An osteochondroma is a noncancerous tumor that develops on the surface of a bone near a growth plate. The reason it develops near a growth plate is because cartilage is developing there and an osteochondroma is made of both bone and cartilage. The osteochondroma usually appears in childhood and adolescence and starts growing as the growth plate grows but then stops growing when the growth plate stops growing. The toe and foot osteochondroma deformity is usually something that should be monitored by not really worried about in most cases.

Cause of the toe osteochondroma deformity

Osteochondromas in the foot and toe are thought to be the most common benign (non-cancerous) bone tumors by a mile, making up about 1/3rd of all benign bone tumors in the foot. Like most tumors it is not exactly known why these things happen, anything could have caused it and it could even be genetic or through a random environmental agent.

– if you start to get multiple osteochondromas in multiple regions in the body you may need to start worrying about Maffuci’s Syndrome or other multiple osteochromatosis disorders, but otherwise you should be safe.

– it is difficult to prevent these because it is very difficult to predict who will get it and why they will get it.

Symptoms of toe and foot osteochondromas

ToeOsteochondroma 244x300 Osteochondroma in the Toe or Foot

In most people they will cause no problems and will not be noticed unless you are getting an X-ray for a different reason and the podiatrist happens to notice them.

– painless bump that may be confused with a cyst

– lifting of the toenail is the osteochondroma exostosis is underneath the nail

– pain on pressure because the skin and nerves are being compressed

– numbness or tingling because of nerve compression

– impinged blood vessel if it is very severe

Home treatment

– the best option is to go see a podiatrist where he will give you surgical options or decide to just monitory it, but most of the time you will be ok just monitoring it

– the podiatrist will use X-ray, MRI or ultrasound to come to this decision as well as the normal physical and historical exam.

Surgery of foot and toe osteochondroma and recovery time

– surgical is usually advocated if the podiatrist believes that the osteochondroma is:

  • causing pain
  • putting a nerve or blood vessel at risk
  • it has unusual characteristics on imaging

– if removed the osteochondroma will be checked with biopsy to see if there is anything to worry about, but usually there is not.

– the toe and foot osteochondroma surgery recovery time depends on how big it is and where the location is, but usually you should be on your feet in a couple of days or even immediately in a surgical with the main worry being to just get the wound closed.

Check this link for more information about osteochondroma.

So runners, check your feet for osteochondroma symptoms and correct this problem if needed.