Archive | April, 2013
15 Apr

Do you have painful foot corn or callus?

Each person over time may get painful foot corns. These are painful formations of thick skin on the foot and toes that look like a hard pebble. Some people may even form a corn within a callus, this is a hard pebble surrounded by a softer callus over top of it. There are many explanations for why corns with calluses occur, but for all types of foot corn the treatments are all the same!

As you walk, jog, or run, pain occurs from the corns and calluses because as you walk on them, they tear away from the skin underneath them and it is possible to form a callus blister and even an ulceration underneath them. The treatment’s goal is to reduce both corns and calluses as well as keep them soft and eventually remove the deformity or biomechanical problem that is causing them. Surgery is rarely needed, but surgical removal of foot corn is usually extremely effective and prevents the corns from ever coming back.

English: Painful corns at both feet of a 51-ye...

Painful corns at both feet of a 51-year-old woman. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Foot Corn (aka Heloma) vs Callus

Corns are a form within the skin underneath the pressure areas of the foot, especially the toes. Skin callus formation can be large and spread out, whereas a corn is more pinpoint, small and hard.

Corns usually occur under the first toe, the fifth toe and on top of the toes if you have hammertoes, whereas a callus is usually underneath the forefoot.

Both can occur together – it is necessary to take the callus down then pop out the corn

Corn vs. Wart

Skin lines go through a callus, whereas if you have a wart, the skin lines go around the wart. The plantar wart also displays little red “dots” that are blood vessel growth into the wart. The callus should not have any red “dots”.

A corn will be lodged beneath the outer layers of the callus.

Here is link to find more information about foot corn and callus — see it.

All runners may enjoy outdoor more on healthy feet. Keep your feet free of corns and callus.

13 Apr

Do you see black spot under the toenail or fingernail?

One day ou tof the blue you find on your nail a spot. A black spot under the toenail can have a few major causes. The most common cause is due to bleeding, that can come from dropping something onto your toe, getting stomped on, or even closing the door on your finger. In athletes, it can also be caused by repetitive rubbing against the inside of a shoe, for example in the case of long distance runners, it is frequently referred to as ‘Jogger’s Toe’. If you have definitely not had any friction against the tips of your toenails, but you have instead been exposed to moisture – then it is likely a Pseudomonas infection. If you have not experienced any of these situations then you may be at risk for melanoma. Read the guide in this link for more information.

How to Fix a Subungal Hematoma - Part 1 of 4

(Photo credit: jmawork)



Runner’s toe – Runner’s toe occurs if the toenail is rubbing against the front of the shoe; even if it is not really painful, over time blood could accumulate in the form of leakage or blistering under the nail. This page is dedicated to treating runner’s toe.


Pseudomonas bacterial infection – If your nails have green or black little spots on them. This can occur if you are around moisture. –> Smell your toes to see if they give off a sweet grape-like odor- seriously! <– The bacteria infection require professional treatment for this you should see your podiatrist for medication.


Toenail fungus – If your nails gradually become thick, discolored and crumbly under the border then read our comprehensive guide to toenail fungus.


Melanoma – If you have an unusual streak of black pigment that is pain free and just appeared without any incident – it is essential that you read our guide to black streaks in your nail.


So runners, check your toenails for any unusual spots – be healthy.

12 Apr

Do you have problem with toenail coming off the nail bed?

Often the most common causes of the big toenail coming off is due to a traumatic injury, persistent light rubbing of the toenail within your shoe that you ignored or never even noticed, a very severe fungal infection or in some cases the reasons may be unknown why it fell off. Almost always, the nail will grow back and you shouldn’t get too worried as it is usually something that can be treated or corrected. The nail usually appears discolored because it is filling up with blood underneath the nail as it is separating from the skin underneath it. Once the separation has began it is a normal process and at this point there are a few things that you can do to limit more pain or injury.

English: Big toe after the nail removed Deutsc...

Big toe after the nail removed. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jogger’s Toe – If you spend a lot of time on your feet and you think it may have been possible that your toenail has been pressuring up against the front of your shoe then this is highly possible. This results in blistering under the toenail leading to the detachment of the nail- with or without pain!

Fungal infection causing separation The nails would have been thick, hard and discolored yellow or orange for a period of time before the nail separated. This is a very common and treatable cause of nail separation.

Trauma is the number one cause of nail loss

First confirm that you have actually experienced trauma, this is usually pretty evident because you stubbed your toe really hard or dropped something really heavy onto your toe. You will experience the following symptoms:

– Pain

– Bleeding under the nail bed leading to red streaks or discoloration under the nail.

– Eventual loosening of the nail from the nail bed as the blood fills under the nail and you are able to evaluate the damage.

See this link to follow the treatment guide for coming off toenail.

So runners, take a good care of your feet and toes – healthy feet will let you run with greater pleasure.

9 Apr

Fingernails and toenails with black streaks

Check your toenails and fingernails for signs of dark streaks. Streaks in the fingernails or the toenails can be very dangerous! It important that you take it seriously. It is entirely possible that a thick long dark streak could be melanoma – a type of skin cancer. The odds of the streak in your fingernail are actually pretty low because a lot of people, especially African Americans normally have light thin streaks of dark pigment that forms a vertical line down their nail which is completely normal. It is very easy to predict whether the streak is of the dangerous variety or if you are more on the safe side. If in doubt, it is essential that you see your podiatrist as soon as possible for a quick and easy biopsy.


Toenails (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

See this link for more information about fingernails and toenails with black streaks.

So all runners, be careful and check your toenails and fingernails for black streaks. It is important!

8 Apr
English: Clear picture showing the ingrown nai...

English: Clear picture showing the ingrown nail and the wounded infected nail bed. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pain of ingrown toenails

Sometimes you may experience an Ingrown Toenail with Pus which may be an extremely dangerous situation if not handled correctly.  If the ingrown nail isn’t that bad and you feel fine- there are really effective ways to decrease the curvature and the pain pretty quickly at home. These focus on decreasing the pain, softening the nail and the skin, separating the ingrowth from the skin and then doing something about it. If you are experiencing any nausea, fever, chills and you probably need to see a podiatrist immediately (especially if you are a diabetic or have poor blood flow).


The following link is the complete guide on how to handle your ingrown toenail pain.


Ingrown toenails are not common but may happen to any runner. A little toenail care should prevent it in first place, but overlooked may require treatment and professional care of podiatrist.

6 Apr

How to treat very long toenails (Onychogryphosis)?

If you have very long toe nails and it is not fungal nails (onychomycosis) then it is almost always a condition called onychogryphosis or mechanically induced nail trauma. The stem cells that grow the nail are permanently damaged and you have a very thick and difficult to trim nail- but it is usually a normal color. This is especially common on the first and the fifth toenails.


This link provides information how to care and prevent problems associated with long toenail.

I hope that particularly older runners will get ideas how to prevent and treat long toenails.

5 Apr

Toenail Onychomycosis


Toenails (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Yellow nails and nail thickening may be due to various causes, but fungal invasion is found in more than 75% of all of these cases. If your nails are both discolored and thick, it should be assumed that you have nail fungus until proven otherwise. Other causes of nail thickness include mechanical trauma about 25% of the time (the first and the fifth toenails are very frequently distorted by chronic shoe pressure) and random systemic causes 5% of the time(like psoriasis).

You may try to find solution to toenail fungus problem at this link —>  Toenail Fungus Treatment

For all runners, fungus free toenails are not only more aesthetic but also require less maintenance additionally to regular bath.